John Ecob

ISAIAH PROPHESIED in the reigns of  Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah,  kings of Judah. 

Chapters 1 to 6 were written during the  period when Uzziah and Jotham jointly  reigned. Uzziah was a leper during the  closing years of his reign and his son  Jotham reigned as co-regent. 

Chapters 7 to 35 were written during  the evil days of the reign of Ahaz and  chapters 36 to 66 were written in the  reign of Hezekiah. 

The message of Isaiah was directed to  the nation of Israel, both the northern  kingdom in Samaria and the southern  kingdom of Judah at Jerusalem. 

Isaiah lived in Jerusalem at a time when  there was conflict. Syria and the northern  kingdom had joined forces against Judah  and the Assyrian Empire was expanding  into the Northern Kingdom and into Syria.  

Pul, the Assyrian king had been paid  1,000 shekels of silver by Menahem the  King in the northern kingdom. Then Ahaz  paid Tiglathpileser to attack Damascus  and kill Rezin; the Syrian king. 

Hoshea was the last king in the northern  kingdom and he was paying tribute  to Assyria until he decided to seek  an alliance with Egypt. The Assyrians  then came and imprisoned Hoshea and  destroyed Samaria. Sargon completed  the siege and took 27,290 captives to  Media.  

In the days when Hezekiah reigned  in Jerusalem, Sennacherib, the son of  Sargon reigned in Assyria and he brought  

his armies south into the land of Judah  capturing all the cities except Jerusalem. 

Isaiah warned the Jews not to seek  an alliance with Egypt but to trust the  Lord. He indicated that if they trusted  the Lord the Assyrians would not shoot  one arrow over the walls of Jerusalem  and God would destroy their army in one  night. Hezekiah believed God and the  Angel of the Lord slew 185,000 Assyrian  soldiers in one night. The next morning  Sennacherib fled back to Nineveh and  some years later was murdered by two of  his sons who then fled to Armenia leaving  Esarhaddon to reign in his father’s stead. 

The theme of Isaiah’s prophecy was  the ultimate establishment of Christ’s  millennial kingdom but he again and  again emphasized that it would never  happen until the nation was walking with  God. He denounced the wickedness  especially in the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham  and Ahaz and made it very clear that the  kingdom could only be established when  Israel sought the Lord. 

Israel’s stubborn resistance to the  prophet’s message was acknowledged  and Isaiah made it clear that the nation  would only be redeemed with judgment.  He stated in Isa. 1:27: 

“Zion shall be redeemed with judgment,  and her converts with righteousness.” 

Thus Isaiah could see down through the 

ages how Israel would have to suffer  greatly before they turned to the Lord and  it would only be in the Great Tribulation  that genuine repentance would occur. 

At the same time, God would judge the  Gentile nations before the millennial  kingdom could be established. Thus the  end of the age would come with a time  known as “the Day of the Lord” when the  earth will be emptied, made waste and  “turned upside down” (Isa.24:1). Only  then would the Lord of hosts “reign in  mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before  His ancients gloriously” (Isa.24:23). 

But Isaiah knew that judgment alone  was insufficient to establish a righteous  government over the world. Without the  mercy of God nobody would survive and  so the grace of God must play a vital role  in the redemption of Israel and of the  world. 

Therefore we find throughout the  prophecy of Isaiah a crimson thread all  the way through the prophecy that traces  the first advent of the Redeemer, our Lord  Jesus Christ. It clearly indicates how He  would pay the debt of sin and make it  possible for forgiveness to be granted  to israel and the nations that survive the  Tribulation. 

The prophecies of Christ are as follows: 

1) Messiah would come and be born of a  virgin (Isa.7:14) 

“The Lord himself shall give you a sign;  Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and  bear a son, and shall call his name  Immanuel.” 

2) In Isa. 66:7 we have a prophecy that  Israel would “be delivered of a man  child” before the nation had passed into  the travail of the Great Tribulation.  

3) Messiah would minister in Galilee. In  Isaiah’s day the Assyrians had afflicted  

the northern tribes of Zebulun, Naphtali  and beyond Jordan in Galilee. They lived  in fear and the “shadow of death” and  this would be the place where Messiah,  the Light of the world would shine (Isa.9:2;  Matt.4:15-16). because 

unto us a child is born, unto us a son  is given: and the government shall be  upon his shoulder: and his name shall  be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The  

mighty God, The everlasting Father,  The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of  his government and peace there shall  be no end, upon the throne of David,  and upon his kingdom, to order it,  and to establish it with judgment and  with justice from henceforth even for  ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will  perform this”. 

The promised Messiah would not only be  Emmanuel, God with us, but He would be  “the Mighty God, the everlasting Father” –  One with God in the Godhead. He would  be God manifest in the flesh and one day  sit on the throne of David reigning over  the 12 tribes of Israel. 

4) Messiah would be a descendant of  David and the heir to David’s throne.  Thus we read in Isa.11:1-4: 

“There shall come forth a rod out of  the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall  grow out of his roots: And the spirit  of the LORD shall rest upon him, the  spirit of wisdom and understanding,  the spirit of counsel and might, the  spirit of knowledge and of the fear  of the LORD; And shall make him of  quick understanding in the fear of the  LORD: and he shall not judge after  the sight of his eyes, neither reprove  after the hearing of his ears: But with  righteousness shall he judge the poor,  and reprove with equity for the meek  of the earth: and he shall smite the  earth: with the rod of his mouth, and  with the breath of his lips shall he slay 

the wicked”. 

When Jesus began His ministry he was  baptized by John in Jordan and John  proclaimed Jesus to be “the Lamb of  God” and “the Son of God”. Nathaniel  proclaimed Him as “the Son of God” and  “the King of Israel” (John 1:29,34, and the  Holy Spirit descended like a dove and  rested upon Him.  

Then when Jesus went to the synagogue  at Nazareth He read Isaiah 61:1 and the  first part of verse 2 which reads: 

“The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath 

anointed me to preach good tidings  unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to  proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to  them that are bound; To proclaim the  acceptable year of the LORD,”  

Jesus then sat down and said, 

“This day is this scripture fulfilled in your  ears” (Luke 4:21). 

5) A similar prophecy is found in Isaiah  42:1-4: 

“Behold my servant, whom I uphold;  mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth;  I have put my spirit upon him: he shall  bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause  his voice to be heard in the street.  A bruised reed shall he not break,  and the smoking flax shall he not  quench: he shall bring forth judgment  unto truth. He shall not fail nor be  discouraged, till he have set judgment  in the earth: and the isles shall wait for  his law.” 

Jesus was the Son of God from heaven  but He accepted the limitations of  humanity for a season in order to be the  perfect sacrifice for our sins. When He  did mighty works He did them by the  Spirit of God. 

6) Isa.28:16 describes Messiah as  “a foundation stone, a tried stone,  a precious corner stone, a sure  foundation.” 

Peter identifies Christ as the chief  corner stone and “he that believeth on  Him shall not be confounded” but to the  unsaved He is a “stone of stumbling,  and a rock of offence” (1Peter2:4-8). 

7) Eliakim was made the Governor over  the House of David and he stands as a  great type of the Lord Jesus. It was said  of Eliakim in Isa.22:20-25: 

“And it shall come to pass in that day,  that I will call my servant Eliakim the  son of Hilkiah: And I will clothe him  with thy robe, and strengthen him  with thy girdle, and I will commit thy  government into his hand: and he  shall be a father to the inhabitants of  Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah.  And the key of the house of David will  I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall  open, and none shall shut; and he  shall shut, and none shall open. And I  will fasten him as a nail in a sure place;  and he shall be for a glorious throne to  his father’s house. And they shall hang  upon him all the glory of his father’s  house…In that day, saith the LORD of  hosts, shall the nail that is fastened  in the sure place be removed, and be  cut down, and fall; and the burden  that was upon it shall be cut off: for the  LORD hath spoken it..” 

Eliakim means “God of raising” and his  name suggests that Jesus would rise  from the dead as the firstfruits from the  grave. He also would raise all the dead  from the grave. Jesus addressed the  Church at Philadelphia and said: 

“These things saith he that is holy, he  that is true, he that hath the key of  David, he that openeth, and no man  shutteth; and shutteth, and no man  openeth(Rev.3:7).

When Jesus came He manifested  the Father’s glory to the world by the  miracles He performed. He could say,  “I and my Father are one” and when He  went into the Temple He rebuked the  money changers and said,”Make not My  Father’s house an house of merchantise” (John 2:16). But when He did this the nail  in the sure place was cut down and He  laid aside the glory of the Father as He  passed through the dark hours on the  cross where He cried “My God, My God,  why hast tou forsaken me?” 

8) Christ is seen as the suffering Servant  of Jehovah in Isaiah chs.52 and 53.  • He would be despised by the  nation and crucified so that  

“his visage was marred more than any  man, and His form more than the sons  of men” (Isa.52:14). 

  • He would grow up as a tender  plant but would be despised and  rejected. 
  • He would be arrested but be silent  at His trial though He was totally  innocent. He would be numbered  with trangressors and be buried in  a rich man’s tomb. 
  • Christ would be the sin-bearer in  His death and His soul would be an  offering for sin to make atonement. 
  • Christ’s days would be prolonged  and He would rise from the grave. • All of these prophecies relating  to Christ demonstrate that the  redemption of Israel in the last  days will only be possible because  atonement has already been made  by the Lord Jesus Christ. 
  • Isa.50:6 indicates Christ would be  scourged. “I gave my back to the  smiters, and my cheeks to them  that plucked off the hair: I hid not  my face from shame and spitting” 

9) The ultimate reign of Christ over  

Israel after she repents, and over the  world, is seen in Isaiah ch.32:1-2: “Behold, a king shall reign in  righteousness, and princes shall rule  in judgment. And a man shall be as an  hiding place from the wind, and a covert  from the tempest; as rivers of water in  a dry place, as the shadow of a great  rock in a weary land”..  

Isa.24:23 “Then the moon shall be  confounded, and the sun ashamed,  when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and  before his ancients gloriously.” 

Isa.26:21` “For, behold, the LORD  cometh out of his place to punish the  inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity:  the earth also shall disclose her blood,  and shall no more cover her slain.” 

Isa.40:9-10 “O Jerusalem, that bringest  good tidings, lift up thy voice with  strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto  the cities of Judah, Behold your God!  Behold, the Lord GOD will come with  strong hand, and his arm shall rule for  him: behold, his reward is with him, and  his work before him.” 

Isa.59:20 “And the Redeemer shall  come to Zion, and unto them that turn  from transgression in Jacob, saith the  LORD” 

Isa.63:1 “Who is this that cometh  from Edom, with dyed garments from  Bozrah? this that is glorious in his  apparel, travelling in the greatness of his  strength? I that speak in righteousness,  mighty to save.” 

Isa.66:15-16 “For, behold, the LORD will  come with fire, and with his chariots  like a whirlwind, to render his anger  with fury, and his rebuke with flames of  fire. For by fire and by his sword will the  LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain  of the LORD shall be many.”